The ease and efficiency of  technological advancements

QR Code Scams and Other Malicious Online Activity

The ease and efficiency of  technological advancements are increasingly being overshadowed by the rise of sophisticated scams which take advantage of our trust in them. These scams, varying in their methods and targets pose a significant threat to personal and financial security.

Understanding QR Code Scams 

QR code scams, a relatively new but rapidly growing threat, exploit the widespread use of QR codes in daily transactions. These scams involve the replacement of the real QR codes with fake ones, designed to redirect users to phishing websites or trigger malicious software downloads. The impact of these scams is affecting individuals and businesses alike. 

    Scenarios include:

  • Online Marketplace Fraud: This form of scam is being used on platforms where people buy and sell goods. Here, scammers pretend to be interested buyers and send QR codes to sellers under the pretence of making advance payments. When the seller scans the QR code, expecting to receive funds they unknowingly authorise a transaction that sends money to the scammer. 

  • Parking Meter Scams: Criminals place fake QR codes on public parking meters. Unsuspecting drivers scan these codes to pay for parking, only to have their credit card information stolen. 

  • Event Ticket Fraud: Scammers create counterfeit tickets for concerts, sports events, and festivals. These tickets feature QR codes that, when scanned, lead buyers to fake websites or directly facilitate financial theft. 

  • Phishing Emails: In a more insidious approach, scammers embed QR codes in emails that appear to be from legitimate sources. These QR codes, when scanned can lead to phishing sites that harvest sensitive personal and financial information.

  • Fake Coupon Offers: Scammers also exploit the popularity of QR code-based coupons. They create fake offers that lure consumers into scanning QR codes, redirecting them to fraudulent websites designed to capture credit card details.

Cryptocurrency-Romance Scams

This sophisticated scam merges online dating with financial fraud. Scammers create compelling fake profiles on dating platforms and social media to establish romantic relationships with their targets. Once a level of trust is built, they convince their victims to make cryptocurrency investments or transfers under various pretences. The scam often involves intricate stories, with scammers requesting money for emergencies, investments or even travel to meet the victim. The decentralised nature of cryptocurrency transactions makes it difficult to trace or recover funds once they are transferred.

Payday Loan Scam

Paying on the financially vulnerable, this scam targets individuals seeking quick loan solutions. Scammers create what appears to be a  legitimate lending service, offering immediate loans with no credit checks. They then demand upfront fees for application processing, verification, or credit checks only to disappear once these fees are paid. The scam is particularly disturbing as it takes advantage of those in desperate financial situations, often leaving them in a worse state. 

One-Time Password Scam

A direct attack on financial security, this scam involves tricksters posing as representatives from banks or financial institutions. They contact victims, claiming there has been suspicious activity on their accounts or that verification is needed for a transaction. The scammer then requests to know the one-time password (OTP) or two-factor authentication code that the victim receives, which is meant to verify their identity or to prevent a fraudulent transaction. Once the scammer has the OTP, they gain access to the victim's financial accounts, leading to direct financial theft. Never share passwords or OTPs with anyone.

Student Loan Forgiveness Scam

Exploiting the complexities and anxieties surrounding student loans, this scam involves setting up fake websites or sending misleading advertisements that promise loans will be written-off or repayments being reduced. The scammers collect personal and financial information under the pretence of enrolling victims in non-existent programs or assisting them with application processes. They often charge upfront fees for these services, adding financial insult to injury.

General Digital Safety Tips

To use the digital world safely, it is crucial to keep software updated with the latest security patches, use strong and unique passwords for different online accounts, enable two-factor authentication wherever possible and continuously educate oneself about emerging scams and their prevention methods. Do not share your passwords or login information with anyone else.

    Here are detailed digital safety tips to enhance your protection: 

  • Regular Software Updates: Keeping all software updated, including operating systems and applications, is vital. These updates often include critical security patches that address the newest vulnerabilities exploited by scammers and hackers. 

  • Robust, Unique Passwords: Create strong, complex passwords for each online account. Consider using a combination of letters, numbers, and special characters.  Avoid common words or phrases, and never reuse the same passwords on different platforms. 

  • Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): Wherever possible, enable 2FA. This adds an additional layer of security beyond just a password, typically involving a code sent to your phone or generated by an app. This significantly reduces the risk of unauthorised access, even if your password is compromised.

  • Regular Monitoring of Accounts: Regularly check your financial and personal accounts for any unauthorised activity. Early detection of suspicious activity can prevent extensive damage. 

  • Use of a Password Manager: To manage the complexity of having numerous strong passwords, consider using a password manager. These tools not only store your passwords securely but also help in generating and retrieving complex passwords as needed.


As technology continues to become an everyday part of our daily lives, the importance of being vigilant and informed about these various scams becomes more and more necessary as who and what we can trust is less and less clear. Awareness, combined with proactive security measures is key to protecting ourselves in this ever-evolving digital landscape.